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Malta Facts
 Communications information 
Internet users 120,000 (2002)
Internet hosts 7,156 (2004)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 11 (2005)
Digigate, GlobalNet, Kemmunet, Next Generation, KeyWorld, MaltaNet, Melita Cable, MelitaNet, Satellite Net, Video On Line, Waldonet.
Internet country code .mt
Telephones - main lines in use 208,300 (2003)
Telephones - mobile cellular 290,000 (2003)
Telephone system general assessment: automatic system satisfies normal requirements
domestic: submarine cable and microwave radio relay between islands
international: country code - 356; 2 submarine cables; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean)
Radio broadcast stations AM 1, FM 18, shortwave 6 (1999)
Radios 255,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 6 (2000)
Televisions 280,000 (1997)
 Geographical information 
Location Southern Europe, islands in the Mediterranean Sea, south of Sicily (Italy)
Coordinates 35 50 N, 14 35 E
Map references Europe
Area - comparative slightly less than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 0 km
Coastline 197
Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 25 nm
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to the depth of exploitation
contiguous zone: 24 nm
Climate Mediterranean with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers
Terrain mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains; many coastal cliffs
Elevation extremes lowest point: Mediterranean Sea 0 m
highest point: Ta'Dmejrek 253 m (near Dingli)
Natural resources limestone, salt, arable land
Land use arable land: 28.13%
permanent crops: 3.13%
other: 68.74% (2001)
Irrigated land 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards NA
Environment - current issues very limited natural fresh water resources; increasing reliance on desalination
Geography - note the country comprises an archipelago, with only the three largest islands (Malta, Ghawdex or Gozo, and Kemmuna or Comino) being inhabited; numerous bays provide good harbors; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
 General information 
Background Great Britain formally acquired possession of Malta in 1814. The island staunchly supported the United Kingdom through both World Wars and remained in the Commonwealth when it became independent in 1964. A decade later Malta became a republic. Since about the mid-1980s, the island has transformed itself into a freight transshipment point, a financial center, and a tourist destination. Malta became an EU member in May of 2004.
 People information 
Population 396851
Age structure 0-14 years: 18.1% (male 36,891; female 34,912)
15-64 years: 68.5% (male 137,259; female 134,611)
65 years and over: 13.4% (male 22,691; female 30,487) (2004 est.)
Median age total: 38 years
male: 36.6 years
female: 39.5 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate 0.42% (2004 est.)
Birth rate 10.09 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate 7.93 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate 2.07 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.74 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate total: 3.94 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
male: 4.45 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth total population: 78.68 years
male: 76.51 years
female: 80.98 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate 1.49 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths less than 100 (2001 est.)
Nationality noun: Maltese (singular and plural)
adjective: Maltese
Ethnic groups Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock)
Religions Roman Catholic 98%
Languages Maltese (official), English (official)
Literacy definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 92.8%
male: 92%
female: 93.6% (2003 est.)
 Governmental information 
Country name conventional long form: Republic of Malta
conventional short form: Malta
local short form: Malta
local long form: Repubblika ta' Malta
Dependency status
Government type republic
Capital Valletta
Administrative divisions none (administered directly from Valletta); note - Local Councils carry out administrative orders
Independence 21 September 1964 (from United Kingdom)
National holiday Independence Day, 21 September (1964)
Constitution 1964 constitution substantially amended on 13 December 1974 and again in 1987
Legal system based on English common law and Roman civil law; accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with reservations
Suffrage 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch chief of state: President Eddie FENECH ADAMI (since 4 April 2004)
head of government: Prime Minister Lawrence GONZI
cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
elections: president elected by the House of Representatives for a five-year term; election last held 29 March 2004 (next to be held by April 2009); following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the president for a five-year term; the deputy prime minister is appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
election results: Eddie FENECH ADAMI elected president; percent of House of Representatives vote - 33 out of 65 votes
Legislative branch unicameral House of Representatives (usually 65 seats; note - additional seats are given to the party with the largest popular vote to ensure a legislative majority; members are elected by popular vote on the basis of proportional representation to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 12 April 2003 (next to be held by April 2008)
election results: percent of vote by party - PN 51.7%, MLP 47.6%, AD 0.7%; seats by party - PN 34, MLP 31
Judicial branch Constitutional Court; Court of Appeal; judges for both courts are appointed by the president on the advice of the prime minister
Political parties and leaders Alternativa Demokratika/Alliance for Social Justice or AD [Harry VASSALLO]; Malta Labor Party or MLP [Alfred SANT]; Nationalist Party or PN [Lawrence GONZI]
Political pressure groups and leaders NA
International organization participation C, CE, EBRD, EU (new member), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICCt, ICFTU, ICRM, IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OPCW, OSCE, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US chief of mission: Ambassador John LOWELL
consulate(s): New York
FAX: [1] (202) 387-5470
telephone: [1] (202) 462-3611, 3612
chancery: 2017 Connecticut Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20008
Diplomatic representation from the US chief of mission: Ambassador Anthony H. GIOIA
embassy: 3rd Floor, Development House, Saint Anne Street, Floriana, Malta VLT 01
mailing address: P. O. Box 535, Valletta, Malta
telephone: [356] 21-235-960
FAX: [356] 2124-3229
Flag description two equal vertical bands of white (hoist side) and red; in the upper hoist-side corner is a representation of the George Cross, edged in red
 Economical information 
Economy - overview Major resources are limestone, a favorable geographic location, and a productive labor force. Malta produces only about 20% of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies, and has no domestic energy sources. The economy is dependent on foreign trade, manufacturing (especially electronics and textiles), and tourism. Malta is privatizing state-controlled firms and liberalizing markets in order to prepare for membership in the European Union. The island remains divided politically, however, over the question of joining the EU. Continued sluggishness in the global economy is holding back exports, tourism, and overall growth.
GDP purchasing power parity - $7.082 billion (2003 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 0.8% (2003 est.)
GDP - per capita agriculture: 3%
industry: 23%
services: 74% (2002 est.)
Population below poverty line NA
Household income or consumption by percentage share lowest 10%: NA
highest 10%: NA
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 0.4% (2003 est.)
Labor force 160,000 (2002 est.)
Labor force - by occupation agriculture 5%, industry 24%, services 71% (1999 est.)
Unemployment rate 7% (2003 est.)
Budget revenues: $2.086 billion
expenditures: $2.367 billion, including capital expenditures of NA (2003)
Agriculture - products potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs
Industries tourism; electronics, ship building and repair, construction; food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Industrial production growth rate NA
Electricity - production 1.768 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - production by source fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2001)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption 1.644 billion kWh (2001)
Electricity - exports 0 kWh (2001)
Electricity - imports 0 kWh (2001)
Oil - production 0 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - consumption 20,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)
Oil - exports NA (2001)
Oil - imports NA (2001)
Exports $2.175 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Exports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactures
Exports - partners Singapore 17.9%, United States 12%, United Kingdom 9.7%, Germany 9.1%, France 7.7%, China 7.2% (2003 est.)
Imports $2.761 billion f.o.b. (2003 est.)
Imports - commodities machinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semi-manufactured goods; food, drink, and tobacco
Imports - partners Italy 17.7%, France 12.6%, South Korea 11.6%, United Kingdom 7.8%, Germany 6%, Singapore 5.6%, Japan 5.2% (2003 est.)
Debt - external $130 million (1997)
Economic aid - recipient NA
Currency Maltese lira (MTL)
Currency code MTL
Exchange rates Maltese liri per US dollar - 0.3772 (2003), 0.4336 (2002), 0.4501 (2001), 0.4382 (2000), 0.3989 (1999)
Fiscal year 1 April - 31 March
 Transportations information 
Highways total: 2,254 km
paved: 1,972 km
unpaved: 282 km (2000)
Ports and harbors Marsaxlokk, Valletta
Merchant marine total: 1,176 ships (1,000 GRT or over) 25,102,401 GRT/41,176,791 DWT
by type: bulk 468, cargo 251, chemical tanker 46, combination bulk 8, combination ore/oil 8, container 74, liquefied gas 4, livestock carrier 2, multi-functional large load carrier 1, passenger 7, passenger/cargo 1, petroleum tanker 210, refrigerated cargo 40, roll on/roll off 35, short-sea/passenger 6, vehicle carrier 15
registered in other countries: 18 (2003 est.)
foreign-owned: Australia 4, Austria 6, Bangladesh 3, Belgium 13, Bulgaria 19, Canada 8, China 14, Croatia 9, Cyprus 6, Denmark 4, Estonia 1, Finland 1, France 1, Germany 52, Greece 603, Hong Kong 3, Iceland 5, India 4, Indonesia 2, Iran 4, Israel 20, Italy 24, Japan 3, South Korea 2, Latvia 25, Lebanon 6, Madagascar 1, Monaco 14, Netherlands 5, Nigeria 1, Norway 32, Pakistan 1, Poland 30, Portugal 3, Romania 8, Russia 69, Saudi Arabia 1, Singapore 2, Slovenia 3, Switzerland 30, Syria 4, Taiwan 1, Turkey 108, Ukraine 22, United Kingdom 2, United States 8
Airports 1 (2003 est.)
Airports - with paved runways total: 1
over 3,047 m: 1 (2003 est.)
 Military information 
Military branches Armed Forces: Land Forces (including Air Squadron and Maritime Squadron), Revenue Security Corps
Military - note
 Information about transnational issues 
Disputes - international Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration
Illicit drugs minor transshipment point for hashish from North Africa to Western Europe

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